KASTNER ART COLLECTION
In 1975 the attorney Univ. Prof Dr DDr H. c. Walther Kastner gave his art collection to the Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum on the condition that it would be shown in a comprehensive display. Only the light-sensitive graphic arts were to be preserved and only displayed every 15 years. The collection grew through additional endowments from originally 323 works to over 1400 objects. The focuses of the permanent exhibition are on sculptures of the Middle Ages, paintings by 17th century Dutch artists and Austrian paintings from Biedermeier to Expressionism. The collection is presented in three halls, the anteroom contains an introduction
MIDDLE AGES AND BAROQUE
The walls of the hall show an overview of European sculpture from the 13th to the 16th century. Special highlights are the Limoges enamel, the Late Roman crucifix, a forerunner to the mystic cross, the French stone Madonna, a Spanish or Northern Italian figure of St. John the Baptist, a Pietà from Claus Sluter’s milieu and two wise men from Michel Erhart’s workshop. The most original works of the collection include a relief with naked infants, which is probably a fragment of a “Kinship Altar”. The pictures by 17th century Dutch artists include masterpieces by de Vos, Brouwer, Ostade, Fyt, Mieris, van der Neer and Ruisdael.
FROM BIEDERMEIER TO EXPRESSIONISM
The two halls offer a nearly seamless overview of 19th and early 20th century Austrian painting. The structure of the collection allows it to set thematic focuses, for example the Viennese Biedermeier flower paintings in the first hall with magnificent pictures by Nigg, Küss, Gruber and Lauer. The portraits show the collector’s soft spot for beautiful women as well as interesting personalities, such as the Schubert singer Johann Michael Vogl. The most exciting works of the collection include the genre paintings by Danhauser, Schindler, Treml, Neder and Reiter. A special focus is on landscape painting, its development can be traced back from Steinfeld and Waldmüller to the “atmospheric impressionists” of the Plankenberger Schule [Plankenberg school]. There are works from several creative periods on display by Emil Jakob Schindler, Olga Wisinger-Florian and Tina Blau, as well as by Romako, a forerunner to the turn of the century painters. Among these, Kurzweil, Moser, Gerstl, Schiele and Faistauer in particular are strikingly represented.